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HLS Streaming

HLS Streaming allows for scaling to millions of viewers in near real time. You can give a link of your web-app which will be converted to a HLS feed by our server and can be played across devices for consumption. Behind the scenes, this will be achieved by having a bot join your room and stream what it sees and hears. Once the feed is ready, the server will give a URL which can be played using any HLS Player.

Note that the media server serving the content in this case is owned by 100ms. If you're looking for a way to stream on YouTube, Twitch etc., please have a look at our RTMP streaming docs here.

Starting HLS

HLS can be started in two ways depending on the level of customization you need.

  1. Default View: The simplest view to just begin a stream with default UI and parameters.
  2. Custom Views: To use your own UI for HLS streaming, you need to provide your own web-app URL for our bot to join and stream.

Default View

Begins a stream with default parameters.

hmsSDK.startHLSStreaming() { didStart, error in print(didStart, error) }

Custom View

To use your own web-app UI for HLS, you'll need to pass in a meeting URL. The 100ms bot will open this URL to join your room, so it must allow access without any user level interaction. In the future it'll be possible to start HLS for multiple such URLs for the same room.

For this purpose the API supports taking in an array, although currently only the first element of the array will be used. To distinguish between multiple urls an additional field metadata can be optionally passed. The meetingURL and metadata are clubbed together to form what we'll call a variant.

You can call hmsSDK.startHLSStreaming with HMSHLSConfig having an array of such variants. HMSHlsRecordingConfig is optional.

let config = HMSHLSConfig(variants: [HMSHLSMeetingURLVariant(meetingURL: meetingURL, metadata: "tag for reference")]) hmsSDK.startHLSStreaming(config: config) { didStart, error in print(didStart, error) }

Optional HLS Recording

Optionally to record the HLS stream you may specify an HMSHLSRecordingConfig within the HMSHLSConfig.

Here's what the HMSHlsRecordingConfig looks like

class HMSHLSRecordingConfig { let singleFilePerLayer: Bool let enableVOD: Bool }
  1. singleFilePerLayer if the desired end result is a mp4 file per HLS layer, false by default.
  2. enableVOD if the desired end result is a zip of m3u8 and all the chunks, false by default.

Here's an example of how to create a recording config:

// Optional recording config let recordConfig = HMSHLSRecordingConfig(singleFilePerLayer: true, enableVOD: false) let config = HMSHLSConfig(variants: [variant], recording: recordConfig)

Stopping HLS

You can call hmsSDK.stopHLSStreaming to stop HLS Streaming which will stop all the variants.

hmsSDK.stopHLSStreaming() { didStop, error in ... }

Current Room Status

The current status for the room is always reflected in the HMSRoom object.

Here are the relevant properties inside the HMSRoom object which you can read to get the current hls streaming status of the room namely: hlsStreamingState.

The object contains a boolean running which lets you know if it's active on the room right now as well as list of active variants.

  1. hlsStreamingState an instance of HMSHLSStreamingState, which looks like:
@objcMembers public class HMSHLSStreamingState : NSObject { public let running: Bool public let variants: [HMSHLSVariant] }

This represents a livestream to one or more HLS urls.

The room status should be checked in following two places -

  1. In the onJoin(room: HMSRoom) callback of HMSUpdateListener The properties mentioned above will be on the HMSRoom object.
  2. In the on(room: HMSRoom, update: HMSRoomUpdate) callback of HMSUpdateListener. The HMSRoomUpdate type will be hlsStreamingStateUpdated.

Tips

  • If you're using the dashboard web-app from 100ms, please make sure to use a role which doesn't have publish permissions for beam tile to not show up.
  • If using your own web-app, do put in place retries for API calls like tokens etc. just in case any call fails. As human users we're used to reloading the page in these scenarios which is difficult to achieve in the automated case.
  • Make sure to not disable the logs for the passed in meeting URL. This will allow for us to have more visibility into the room, refreshing the page if join doesn't happen within a time interval.